A Beginner's Guide To Nootropics
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A Beginner’s Guide To Nootropics

Beat brain fog with these buzzy blends

If you’ve found your way here, chances are you’re looking for ways to get your brain back in gear. Between TikTok and Covid, our attention spans are admittedly shorter than ever – brain fog, anyone? – meaning that many of us are turning to focus-boosting supplements. One such supplement we’ve seen quietly climbing the ranks is nootropics, a ‘smart drug’ known for promoting overall brain health. But do they work? That’s the internet’s biggest question right now, and we’re ready to find out. Read on for our guide to nootropics, with insights on how they work, what they do and which ones are best for you.

What Are Nootropics?

First things first, what are they? As mentioned, nootropics – also known as ‘smart drugs’ or ‘cognitive enhancers’ – are substances that are thought to improve cognitive function, memory, creativity, motivation and overall brain health. Ranging from natural substances like herbs and amino acids (non-prescriptive) to synthetic drugs developed for specific cognitive benefits (prescriptive), nootropics are becoming incredibly popular in the health space.

Are There Different Types?

Yes, there are different types of nootropics that you can use. As mentioned, there are two main pillars when it comes to cognitive enhancers: prescription medications and dietary supplement compounds. We outline some of the main nootropics that fit under these categories below:

Prescription Nootropics

Prescription nootropics refer to medications that are specifically prescribed by healthcare professionals to treat medical or mental health conditions. Some of the most common include:

  • Adderall: an amphetamine used to help manage the symptoms of ADHD
  • Memantine: a medication prescribed to reduce the symptoms of Alzheimer’s
  • Provigil: a stimulant for conditions like narcolepsy and sleep apnea
  • Ritalin: another stimulant used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy
@harrythorncoaching My personal top 5 nootropic supplements #supplements #vitamins #nootropics #caffeine #multivitamin #lionsmane #creatine #coffee #health #biohacking #brainhealth ♬ original sound – Harry Thorn

Dietary Supplement Nootropics

Unlike the above, dietary supplement nootropics are no prescription medications – but they are used with the intention of enhancing cognitive function. You can find both natural and synthetic nootropics under this umbrella:

  • Racetams
  • Caffeine
  • Ginseng
  • Ginkgo biloba
  • Ashwagandha
  • L-theanine
  • Creatine
  • Bacopa monnieri
  • Rhodiola rosea
  • Omega-3 fatty acids
  • Lion’s mane
  • Alpha GPC

How Do Nootropics Work?

It’s thought that nootropics work by aiding various mechanisms in the brain, from enhancing neurotransmitter levels and improving blood flow to protecting neurons and promoting neuroplasticity. The type of help given depends on the type of nootropic used; for example, caffeine is known to block adenosine receptors to increase alertness and focus, while creatine is thought to enhance brain energy metabolism in order to improve memory and reasoning.

Tips For Choosing Nootropics

With the above in mind, it’s worth keeping in mind your goals when choosing the right nootropic for you. Consider which area you’d like to improve – memory, focus, creativity, for example – as well as what your tolerance levels might be. You’ll also need to consider how they will interact with any other medicines you’re already taking and whether you should avoid any potential side effects.

Once you’ve picked one, start using it in small doses and then gradually increase your dosage as needed based on your body’s response.

@herb_docs #omega3 #lionsmanemushroom #bacopamonnieri #alphagpc #nootropics #brainhealth ♬ original sound – The Herbal Docs

Are They Safe?

As with any kind of supplement or medication, nootropics are largely safe to use when done so responsibly – although it is worth noting that some do have side effects. Prescription nootropics, for example, can carry risks of high blood pressure, fast heart rate, and, in some cases, potential for addiction if misused.

It’s also worth remembering that some dietary supplement nootropics have not undergone the same rigorous clinical testing as clinical drugs, and that their long-term effects have not be thoroughly studied just yet.

If you’re considering taking nootropics, prescription or dietary, then it’s recommended that you research each compound thoroughly, purchase from reputable sources and consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen.

How To Incorporate Nootropics Into Your Routine

Incorporating nootropics into your routine may involve a little bit of trial and error, as you figure out what works best for you and your body. Generally speaking, it’s recommended you start with small doses and build up as needed to avoid any unwanted side effects, taking your preferred nootropic one to two times a day around 30 to 6o minutes before you need the effects to kick in.

If you’re not sure where to start, consult a healthcare professional so that you can work on a regimen together (this is especially recommended if you’re already taking other medications).

The Best Nootropics On The Market Right Now

Spotlight On: The Zen Coffee Blend by London Nootropics

Purple box with coffee sachets inside

The Zen Coffee Blend (12 sachets), £15, londonnootropics.com

Best For: Calm & concentration

Craving some focus time without the distraction of stress? Lucky for you, London Nootropics recently upgraded its Zen coffee blend to offer the perfect blend of ashwagandha (which is known to help balance the stress hormone, cortisol), caffeine (great for focus) and L-theanine (to counteract the heart rate spike from caffeine). This means that coffee lovers can still enjoy their cup of joe in the morning without worry about its impact on our energy and anxiety levels (as well as our deep sleep later in the evening – instead, with each sip, you’ll be able to harness the perfect balance of energy, focus and calm.

SHOP: The Zen Coffee Blend (12 sachets), £15, londonnootropics.com

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Beige coloured tib on coffee table


Lion’s Mane Mushroom Powder, £39.99


Best For: Focus

Lion’s mane isn’t called the ‘smart mushroom’ for no reason – it’s celebrated for it’s ability to improve focus, memory and good gut health. It’s also been suggested that it may stimulate the production of the Nerve Growth Factor (NGF), a protein that helps with growth, maintenance, and repair of nerve cells (neurons) in the hippocampus. Dirtea’s slightly savoury blend is completely organic, and can be taken in a cup of hot water (with milk, if you fancy it).

Red packet of nootropics supplement powder


Superfoods Brain Boost, £16.99


Best For: An overall boost

If you’re not sure where to begin when it comes to nootropics, this botanical pick-me-up from Bioglan should do the trick. It’s packed with multiple nootropics, including lion’s mane, cordyceps, ginseng, L-tyrosine and vitamins B5 and B6. You can mix Bioglan’s formula into smoothies, breakfast foods (like porridge) and other recipes, making it a super flexible option.

Brown bottle full of nootropics pills next to white box

Grass & Co.

Relax Maitake Mushrooms with Ashwagandha + Magnesium (60 capsules), £24.50


Best For: Relaxation

Need to destress? These vegan capsules from Grass & Co. are designed to help you take a deep breath and calm any lingering anxieties. The star of the show is the maitake mushroom, which is rich in active compounds like beta-D-glucan polysaccharides and triterpenoids – although this is supplemented by key nootropic ingredients like ashwagandha and vitamin B6, as well as magnesium (great for boosting your mood and reducing high blood pressure).

Featured image: London Nootropics