Aurélien Guichard's ingredients

Talking To Master Perfumer, Aurélien Guichard

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Co-founder of Matière Première

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Jan Masters loses her senses in Grasse, the perfume capital of the world, where she meets the founder of Matière Première, Aurélien Guichard, a perfumer taking ‘grow-your-own’ to heart.

It’s evening. I’m blindfolded and being driven by car over a bumpy track. The vehicle comes to a halt and the door is opened. I’m led by the hand to a chair and asked to sit. Don’t worry. I’m not being kidnapped. But I am being seduced. By a heady floral scent that suffuses the air. 

I’m in the fragrance capital of the world – Grasse. It’s the end of summer in the South of France and while the weather is hot, it’s now humid, with sunny days hunted by the shadow of moody storms. I can still see nothing. My senses are focused on the scent. 

At last, I’m allowed to remove the satin scarf covering my eyes. And there it is, spread before me. A field of tuberose. Shimmering flowers like white-hot fireflies, hovering on long, slender stems. Utterly mesmerising.

Field of ingredients for perfumer, Aurélien Guichard

The field is owned by the fragrance house and the reason I have been blindfolded – as have other guests at this evening of celebration – is now clear. At the reveal, when the scent marries with the scene, it’s a moment to savour, especially as these flowers only release their fragrance at night. 

‘I wanted to recreate this smell – one that in the olden days of Grasse, young people were warned to stay away from for fear they would not be able to resist its erotic temptation,’ says Aurélien Guichard, perfumer and co-founder of Matière Première, delighted his introductory drama has played out so well. For tuberose is the star of his creation French Flower, launched earlier this year, a monofloral bouquet, highly dosed with tuberose absolute, a powerful extraction from the flowers that flourish at the organic farm he founded in 2016.

A seventh-generation perfumer, Guichard started Matière Première (it means raw material) in 2019 with two co-founders, and the brand has achieved rapid global renown, now selling in luxury retailers in more than 40 countries. What sets it apart is how each fragrance prioritises and pivots around one central raw ingredient of exceptional quality, used in no-expense-spared quantities.

For instance, he tells me one kilo of iris absolute, one of perfumery’s most precious ingredients, can cost about 70-80,000; high-quality tuberose, by contrast, comes in at 250,000. French Flower combines the absolute with a tuberose enfleurage, a traditional extraction that captures the scent of the flowers in wax, adding a layer of softer sensuality. This radiant white floral is simply supported by the brightness of ginger oil and the vegetal stalkiness of green tea leaf oil and a green agave accord. C’est ça.

The house also grows its own roses, the central focus of its Radical Rose perfume, which has the highest possible concentration of Rosa Centifolia from Grasse that meets industry standards. It is unfussy. Un-fusty. Clear, contemporary and genderless. It’s wonderful to see a perfumer growing his own ingredients. ‘We have a deep respect for the nature and local know-how,’ adds Guichard.

The perfumer has previously earned his scented stripes with big names such as Gucci, Versace and Narciso Rodriguez. But he wanted to establish a more intimate relationship with the ingredients he uses, ensuring a complete, authentic and holistic creative process unlike that enjoyed by most perfumers. 

Aurélien Guichard

This approach is inextricably linked with sustainability. ‘By definition, our craft is deeply linked with nature,’ he says. ‘My conviction is that sustainability is a mindset that drives us at every step. It’s in our philosophy to preserve what inspires us and provides us with our ingredients.’

The flowers he harvests are organically grown, with the accent on preserving soil fertility and enhancing biodiversity. When it comes to other ingredients produced outside Grasse, he only sources those obtained through collaboration with partners who share and demonstrate the same sustainable and ethical values. 

As an example, the Australian sandalwood he uses in his Santal Austral is 51 percent owned by Aboriginal Australians, who plant 20 new trees for every one they cut. And in his new-for-winter Crystal Saffron, he uses the highest quality saffron grown by a cooperative in the Kozani region in Greece.

The fragrances as a whole contain 85-92 percent natural ingredients and are also vegan and phthalate-free, the colour of each fragrance determined only by the raw materials themselves. And using fewer ingredients reduces wastage while increasing artisanal excellence. 

Guichard likens his minimalist approach to a kind of ‘sobriety’, which by implication dovetails with sustainability – something is only incorporated if it plays a vital part in the composition. Just be wary though. Because you can easily get drunk on French Flower. And who knows what may happen in a tuberose field at night.

Shop Aurélien Guichard’s perfumes

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French Flower, £195. All fragrances are also available in 6ml bottles (£30) providing up to 100 sprays, ideal for discovering the collection and travel. matiere-premiere.com

Radical Rose, £195. All fragrances are also available in 6ml bottles (£30) providing up to 100 sprays, ideal for discovering the collection and travel. matiere-premiere.com