The Guide to Sustainable Interior Design
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The Guide to Sustainable Interior Design

Waste not, want not

In 2022, doing our bit for the environment is more important than ever. But how can we all reduce, reuse, recycle and restore for truly sustainable interior design? Arabella Youens investigates

Waste Not, Want Not: Sustainable Interior Design

Sustainability. It’s a word that’s difficult to escape anywhere today, not least in the world of interiors. Responding to the unfavourable spotlight recently shone on fast fashion, and its detrimental effect on the environment (among other aspects), both established manufacturers and emerging makers of furniture and furnishings are busy underlining their environmental credentials.

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Examples of sustainable interior design abound in all directions, ranging from the practical to the esoteric. Heal’s has produced a collection using recycled ocean plastics and yarns from fashion industry waste, while Pentatonic creates tableware out of recycled smartphones. Elvis & Kresse, a London-based brand, makes bags from rescued fire hoses and rugs from the leather offcuts of luxury brands, and it donates half its profits to charity. And anyone worried about water wastage when soaking in the tub can assuage their conscience by buying a VitrA Balance bath, designed to require less water.

Elvis & Kresse

Reclaimed leather rug by Elvis & Kresse

It should be relatively easy to take a more sustainable route when decorating a home, by only buying and using natural materials such as wood, marble, ceramic, linen and wool. It’s not always so, however, given that (for example) 90 per cent of wood used in this country is imported. But buy direct from a furniture maker like Sebastian Cox and you can’t go wrong, because he uses British hardwoods, including coppiced hazel. Cox founded his company in 2010, and he’s just published a manifesto for an urgent shift in mindset about how we use our rich natural resources, wood in particular.

Other early champions of reuse and sustainability are Adam Hills and Maria Speake of salvage specialist and design studio, Retrouvius. They set up their business in 1993 with the philosophy that good materials and well-made objects are precious. For over two decades they’ve built up a reputation as pioneers and now their campaign has gone mainstream.


Rustic reuse by Retrouvius

‘Today, of course, sustainability has come to the fore in so many different ways,’ says Speake, before adding that it’s far from a new concept. ‘The idea of reuse is inherent within us. We’ve just got out of the habit of doing it over the course of two or three generations. We need a bit more of the make-do-and-mend approach.’

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For those who aren’t creative with their hands, it’s not easy to know where to start. Interior designer Nicola Harding of Nicola Harding & Co. believes sustainability issues can be so complex and overwhelming they numb people into ‘a state of paralysis’. What’s more, interior design as a profession fuels consumption that runs counter to the aim of using earth’s natural resources more carefully.

‘Today’s impulsive, disposable culture is the number one enemy of sustainability,’ affirms Harding. She notes a key trend in the use of ‘intelligent’ materials, such as worktops made of recycled waste, including plastic or glass. ‘Many companies at the forefront of this movement will offer a service of reclaiming their materials when they are no longer wanted, so that they can recycle them all over again.’

Harding & Read

A design from interiors studio Harding & Read, which predicts a rise in ‘intelligent’ materials

Natural paint manufacturer Edward Bulmer agrees that sustainability entails so much more than recycled materials or carbon neutrality. ‘It’s a social project about ensuring that human life endures and hopefully gets better all the time,’ he says. ‘That this isn’t happening is because we’ve overlooked the need for ecology. If a company understands this then it stands a chance of achieving sustainable development.’

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On a practical level, Bulmer’s key driver in the paint industry is ‘transparency’. In the absence of a traffic light system or kite mark that demonstrates a product’s impact on the environment, this is entirely voluntary. It needn’t be, he says. ‘Tell the customer as much as possible, as clearly as possible and they can see whether the product is exploitative, or safe and responsible.’

Edward Bulmer at Number 1 Bruton

A room at Number One Bruton using Edward Bulmer’s eco-friendly paint

One way to take a green approach to decorating a home is to buy vintage or antique pieces. ‘You know that they are built to last,’ says Marc Weaver of Guinevere Antiques. ‘It doesn’t have to be an antique. Something that’s around now in a second-hand or vintage shop is likely to be well made – as well as being unique and ticking the environmentally friendly box.’

There’s another answer to the question of sustainable interior design, and it involves no purchases at all. Henrietta Thompson and Ed Padmore are the founders of Harth, an online furniture, accessories and art rental company. Allowing members to borrow new and vintage pieces direct from brands, makers, galleries and dealers – as well as renting out their own items – they aim to tackle overproduction by providing an alternative to ownership.


Harth allows you to borrow new and vintage pieces direct from designers, studios and makers

‘Instead of buying something cheap and throwing it away, borrow something that’s lovely instead,’ says Thompson. ‘Recently I heard sustainability likened to teenage sex – something that everyone talks about but no one does very well. This is about making the best use of what already exists.’

If the idea of ownership still has too strong a hold on us, assessing or reimagining what we already have is the best place to start incorporating sustainable design at home, believes Harding. It’s about employing the mantra our grandparents used to live by: ‘Buy well, buy less, buy once’.

Sustainable Interiors Brands to Know

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B Corp Certified Paint Company Coat Paint


Coat is the only UK paint brand with a B Corp Certification. It’s paint range is 100% Low-VOC Water-Based, where the packaging is also 100% recyclable.

Not only is their supply chain offset (Scope Three Emissions, that’s more than Carbon Neutral). But instead of those slightly wasteful paint test pots, Coat has these recyclable peel and stick swatches with Coat paint hand painted on. Which, apparently, cuts waste by 95%.

You can read more about their sustainability practices here.

Knepp Furniture

Bill Amberg Studio and Knepp Estate Furniture Collection

The Knepp Estate, known for it’s rewilding projects, has turned its hand to furniture for London Design Festival 2022.

Bill Amberg Studio has designed a range of furniture using materials sourced from The Knepp Estate. Including leather produced from the longhorn cattle, and deer free-roaming the rewilding project.

The leather is tanned in the UK especially for the collection and the wood is ash from dieback clearance. The collection has been designed for for Knepp Estate’s new café and farm shop, opening in Spring 2023.

All items are available to order now,

a swyft white statement sofa sits in a living room with a book shelf behind


The sofa company with the least faff (it comes in a box, with components that slot together so no need for complicated tools). It’s also a particularly climate conscious brand. So, for every purchase made, Swyft offsets the average carbon footprint, of the products purchased (you can find out how they specifically achieve that here).

Plus Swyft only uses traceable, certified, woods when manufacturing their sofas.

a lime green sofa sold by Narchie


So you have a Depop account to sell your clothes? Well, meet your new interiors equivalent: Narchie, It’s a new startup app on the scene that’s sure on its way to shake up the interiors industry and its waste problem. Download the app, here.

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Bee and Sons

Bee & Sons

British brand Bee & Sons is on a mission to prevent textile waste ending up in landfill. The recycled cashmere in its pieces is mostly derived from old sweaters rescued from landfill, which are then washed, mechanically recycled and spun into new yarn (like this 75 per cent recycled cashmere cushion). It also has a ‘takeback’ initiative, so you can return older pieces, safe in the knowledge that they’ll be dismantled and spun into new items.

The Hollyhocks Wallpaper from the House of Hackney with a blue sofa and chintzy lamp

House of Hackney

B Corp certified, House of Hackney is also partnered with World Land Trust a conservation trust that preserves eco systems under threat. So whenever you buy anything, it goes towards House of Hackney purchasing and protecting 35 square foot of forest. And by the end of the year, the brand is pledging to protect the equivalent of 170 acres by the end of 2022.

Hypnos bed


Sleep soundly on a Hypnos bed – knowing it’s from the world’s first carbon neutral bed maker. As well as using ethical and environmentally friendly materials (like wool, horse hair, cotton and latex), over 10 years Hypnos has offset an impressive 9,550 tonnes of CO2 through its sustainability initiatives.


Bower Collective

An innovative company that sells natural household products in plastic-free and reusable packaging.


Market leaders in making mattresses and bedding from organic and sustainable materials, including wool sourced within a 50-mile radius of their Devon-based bed works.

Jennifer Manners

Her Re/Purpose rug range is made in India from 100 per cent recycled plastic bottles. (A standard 2m x 3m rug uses 4,000 bottles).

Maria Sigma

Channels a zero-waste philosophy to produce handwoven, undyed, woollen textiles with minimal carbon footprint.


An online furniture and accessories store that sources ethically made products from recycled materials.

Sebastian Conran x Gifu Artisans

This collaboration between Sebastian Conran and 14 traditional makers in Gifu, Japan, spans lighting, furniture, ceramics and kitchen tools, celebrating design quality, craftsmanship, ethics and sustainability.

Green Velvet Space Age Sofa, Upcycled Vinterior


Vinterior is a second-hand online marketplace for more high-end vintage and antique furniture. It’s the place to go for unique, velvet, antique finds that add a bit of soul and history to your space.

Green Velvet Space Age Sofa, Upcycled, £911 Vinterior,

Bayleaf Settle Sebastian Cox

Sebastian Cox

British brand Sebastian Cox is ostensibly a wood-centric brand, and for every product in its shop, its calculated its environmental impact using their Life Cycle Assessment, plus every product listed is shown with its carbon value.

Their Bayleaf Settle is made with solid English ash and woven English ash that’s all made in their workshop in the UK. What’s quite nice with this one is that you can upholster the sofa with your own fabric to save waste, or you can request the fabric to be supplied.


A London-based lighting brand that specialises in low energy LED products while at the same time donating a portion of revenue to tree planting programmes, including the Heart of England Forest.

Sustainable Certifications to Look Out For

Wild Leather Lounge Chair by Sebastian Cox

Image courtesy of Sebastian Cox

  • FSC Certified — Ensures there’s been an ethical and sustainable sourcing of the wood
  • B Corp — This is an accreditation which proves a brand has made sustainable efforts but in planet and people
  • GOTS — This is the standard accreditation of organic cotton 
  • Low VOCS — VOCs refer to Volatile Organic Compounds, and it’s usually found in newly bought furniture like sofas, as well as paints, and wood stains. You’ll want to look out for Low VOC levels. 

What is a B Corp Certification? 

Photos: Unsplash / Collov Home Design


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